Adam Worrall

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I have published the following articles, papers, and posters:

Journal articles (refereed, in press)

  • Huvila, I., Anderson, T. D., Jansen, E. H., McKenzie, P., & Worrall, A. (in press, 2017). Boundary objects in information science. Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology. doi:10.1002/asi.23817 (Advances in Information Science series. Led by Huvila with others contributing equally.)
    • Presents an overview of the state of the art of information science research informed by the theory and concept of boundary objects, critically discusses the concept, and proposes a structured overview of how the concept and theory has been applied in the study of information.

Journal articles (refereed, published)

  • Stvilia, B., Hinnant, C. C., Wu, S., Worrall, A., Lee, D. J., Burnett, K., Burnett, G., Kazmer, M. M., & Marty, P. F. (2017). Toward collaborator selection and determination of data ownership and publication authorship in research collaborations. Library and Information Science Research, 39(2), 85–97. doi:10.1016/j.lisr.2017.03.004
    • Examined factors that might affect researchers’ willingness to collaborate and how researchers determined the ownership of collaborative project data and the order of authorship on collaborative publications in condensed matter physics.
  • Stvilia, B., Hinnant, C., Wu, S., Worrall, A., Lee, D. J., Burnett, K., Burnett, G., Kazmer, M. M., & Marty, P. F. (2015). Research project tasks, data, and perceptions of data quality in a condensed matter physics community. Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology, 66(2), 246–263. doi:10.1002/asi.23177
    • Based on a survey of members of the condensed matter physics (CMP) community around the National High Field Magnetic Laboratory (partially NSF-funded), developed models of CMP research project tasks and data quality perceptions by CMP scientists and analyzed relationships among CMP scientists’ data quality perceptions, project roles, and demographic characteristics.
  • Worrall, A., & Oh, S. (2013). The place of health information and socio-emotional support in social questioning and answering. Information Research, 18(3). http://informationr.net/ir/18–3/paper587.html
    • Explored the socio-emotional reactions of, advice given by, and evaluation criteria used by librarians, nurses, and users evaluating the quality of health answers posted on Yahoo! Answers. Users value social and emotional support and are more accepting than experts of the subjectivity of social Q&A sites. Both objective and subjective seeking and evaluation strategies are necessary.
  • Oh, S., & Worrall, A. (2013). Health answer quality evaluation by librarians, nurses, and users in social Q&A. Library and Information Science Research, 35(4), 288–298. doi:10.1016/j.lisr.2013.04.007
    • Investigated how librarians, nurses, and users evaluated the quality of health answers posted on Yahoo! Answers. Statistical analysis identified differences between the groups, how background characteristics influenced assessments, and relationships between content characteristics and quality evaluation criteria, with implications for research and practice.
  • Hinnant, C. C., Stvilia, B., Wu, S., Worrall, A., Burnett, G., Burnett, K., Kazmer, M. M., & Marty, P. F. (2012). Author team diversity and the impact of scientific publications: Evidence from physics research at a national science lab. Library and Information Science Research, 34(4), 249–257. doi:10.1016/j.lisr.2012.03.001
    • Presented findings from a National Science Foundation (NSF)-funded study of articles published in Physical Review Letters by scientists who used the facilities of the National High Magnetic Field Laboratory. Citation analysis indicated author teams’ average seniority and size negatively correlated with publication impact, while the first author’s seniority positively correlated with impact.
  • Stvilia, B., Hinnant, C. C., Schindler, K., Worrall, A., Burnett, G., Burnett, K., Kazmer, M. M., & Marty, P. F. (2011). Composition of scientific teams and publication productivity at a national science lab. Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology, 62(2), 270–283. doi:10.1002/asi.21464
    • Presented results from a National Science Foundation (NSF)-funded study examining scientific teams at the National High Magnetic Field Laboratory, identifying several key associations between the diversity and network characteristics of science teams and overall team productivity as measured by peer reviewed journal publications.

Edited book chapters (refereed)

  • Burnett, G., Burnett, K., Kazmer, M. M., Marty, P. F., Worrall, A., Knop, B., Hinnant, C. C., Stvilia, B., & Wu, S. (2014). Don’t tap on the glass, you’ll anger the fish! The information worlds of distributed scientific teams. In P. Fichman & H. Rosenbaum (Eds.), Social informatics: Past, present, and future (pp. 118–134). Newcastle, UK: Cambridge Scholars Publishing.
    • Reports on findings relating to Burnett and Jaeger’s theory of information worlds from an NSF-funded study of scientific collaboration at and around the National High Magnetic Field Laboratory. Describes the identified information worlds in terms of their information behaviour, social norms, social types, information values, and boundaries.

Conference papers (refereed)

  • Wu, S., Worrall, A., & Stvilia, B. (2016). Exploring data practices of the earthquake engineering community. In D. Fenske & J. Greenberg (Co-Chairs), iConference 2016 proceedings, Philadelphia, PA, March 20–23, 2016. Champaign, IL: iSchools. doi:10.9776/16187
    • Explores data practices in the interdisciplinary field of earthquake engineering, identifying typical activities, types and forms of data, project roles in connection with data practices, tools used to manage data, types and sources of data quality problems, and perceptions of data quality.
  • Worrall, A. (2015). “Like a real friendship”: Translation, coherence, and convergence of information values in LibraryThing and Goodreads. In G. Olson (Chair), iConference 2015 proceedings, Newport Beach, CA, March 24–27, 2015. Champaign, IL: iSchools. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/2142/73641
    • Presented select findings on the significant roles that LibraryThing and Goodreads play in the existing and emergent communities of their users. A willingness to negotiate and translate around differences in information values allowed for continued community existence and emergence and for common ground to be established. Similar to maintaining “a real friendship,” these processes are often invisible work.
  • Worrall, A. (2013). “Back onto the tracks”: Convergent community boundaries in LibraryThing and Goodreads. Paper presented at the 9th Annual Social Informatics Research Symposium: The Social Informatics of Information Boundaries, 76th ASIS&T Annual Meeting, Montreal, Canada, November 2, 2013.
    • Presented select findings from content analysis of messages posted by users of LibraryThing and Goodreads, using a framework of Star’s boundary object theory, Strauss’s social worlds perspective, and Burnett and Jaeger’s theory of information worlds. Three different types of community convergence were seen around values, structure, and social networks.
  • Worrall, A. (2013). Social digital libraries: Their roles within and across social worlds, information, worlds, and communities. In S. J. Cunningham & E. Rasmussen (Eds.), Proceedings of the Doctoral Consortium, JCDL 2013, the 13th ACM/IEEE Joint Conference on Digital Libraries (pp. 55–62), Indianapolis, IN, July 22, 2013.
    • Presented my dissertation research-in-progress, which helps to fill a continuing need for theoretical and practical research on the roles that digital libraries play in collaboration, communities, and other social contexts. Included a review of existing literature along with my research questions, research design, and expected benefits and contributions.
  • Oh, S., Yi, Y. J, & Worrall, A. (2012). Quality of health answers in social Q&A. In A. Grove (Ed.), Proceedings of the 75th ASIS&T Annual Meeting: Information, interaction, innovation: Celebrating the past, constructing the present and creating the future, Baltimore, MD, October 26–30, 2012. Silver Spring, MD: American Society for Information Science and Technology. doi:10.1002/meet.14504901075
    • Investigated and compared perceptions and evaluations regarding the quality of online health answers shared in the social context of Yahoo! Answers across three groups: users, librarians, and nurses. Findings indicated librarians and nurses rated the quality of answers lower on most of the evaluation criteria than users.

Conference posters (refereed)

  • Worrall, A., Osolen, R., & Cappello, A. (2017). “How do I tell my advisor?”: Socio-emotional motivations for information sharing in Academia Stack Exchange. In A. Gruzd, J. Jacobson, & P. Mai (Chairs), Proceedings of the 8th international conference on Social Media and Society (SMSociety17), Toronto, ON, July 28–30, 2017. New York, NY: ACM. [View poster]
    • Presents in-progress research on the social and emotional factors that motivate users to ask questions, answer questions, and share information with other users on Academia Stack Exchange. Findings indicate a stronger role for norms, communality, and self-efficacy than in previous work, along with greater negativity and a concerning lack of empathy. Users display a stronger focus on socio-informational components and learning more about academic communities’ norms, culture, social perceptions, and reputation practices, similar to legitimate peripheral participation.
  • Hyduk, A., & Worrall, A. (2016). “Shorts last Sunday, snow pants today”: Delving into the information values of immigrant and expatriate users of Twitter. In A. Grove (Ed.), Proceedings of the 79th ASIS&T Annual Meeting: Creating knowledge, enhancing lives through information and technology, Copenhagen, Denmark, October 14–18, 2016. Silver Spring, MD: Association for Information Science and Technology. doi:10.1002/pra2.2016.14505301135 [View poster](Authors contributed equally.)
    • Presents in-progress research on how the ICTs used by expat and immigrant members of Twitter interact with the information values of community members. Findings show information value determination and negotiation are important for immigrants and expats online, with cultural, contextual, and economic values being most frequently invoked both explicitly and implicitly. A strong role for boundaries and some establishment of common ground was observed, but further exploration is necessary.
  • Worrall, A. (2016). Energizing engagement and motivation in information-centric online communities: LibraryThing, Goodreads, and the importance of boundary spanning. Poster presented at the 2016 Canadian Association for Information Science (CAIS) Annual Conference: Information Science in our Communities, Calgary, AB, June 1–3, 2016. [View poster]
    • Reports key implications for engagement and motivation in online communities drawn from my research on LibraryThing and Goodreads, including to highlight and facilitate the creation and sharing of translation processes and resources; make clear expressions of and continually negotiate community norms, values, and normative behaviours; and support and facilitate—but not force—social tie formation and everyday life information behaviour.
  • Worrall, A., & Hyduk, A. (2016). Information values, sharing, and cultural memory: Interactions with ICT use in an online immigrant community. In D. Fenske & J. Greenberg (Co-Chairs), iConference 2016 proceedings, Philadelphia, PA, March 20–23, 2016. Champaign, IL: iSchools. doi:10.9776/16505 [View poster]
    • Presents qualitative, multi-method research in its early stages examining how the ICTs used by immigrant and expatriate members of Twitter interact with the information values and information sharing of community members and the cultural memory established by their communities. (This updated version reflects late-breaking changes to the study.)
  • Worrall, A. (2014). The roles of digital libraries as boundary objects within and across social and information worlds. Poster presented in the ALISE / Jean Tague-Sutcliffe Doctoral Poster Competition at the 2014 Association for Library and Information Science Education (ALISE) Annual Conference, Philadelphia, PA, January 21–24, 2014.
    • Reported on my dissertation study of LibraryThing and Goodreads. Findings show they play important roles in establishing community structure, values, and ties; digital library designs and services should support these. Implications exist for research and theory in social informatics, information behaviour, and online communities.
  • Stvilia, B., Hinnant, C. C., Wu, S., Worrall, A., Lee, D. J., Burnett, K., Burnett, G., Kazmer, M. M., & Marty, P. F. (2013). Studying the data practices of a scientific community. In J. S. Downie & R. H. McDonald (Chairs), Proceedings of JCDL 2013, the 13th ACM/IEEE Joint Conference on Digital Libraries (pp. 425–426), Indianapolis, IN, July 22–26, 2013. New York, NY: ACM. doi:10.1145/2467696.2467781
    • Presented a framework for developing a community data curation model, using a case of the scientific community around the National High Magnetic Field Laboratory. Also reported findings from semi-structured interviews with stakeholders from the NHMFL community.
  • Worrall, A. (2013). The role of digital libraries as boundary objects within and across communities. In W. Moen (Chair), iConference 2013 proceedings (pp. 707–711), Fort Worth, TX, February 12–15, 2013. Champaign, IL: iSchools. doi:10.9776/13327 [View poster]
    • Presented work-in-progress examining the role of the LibraryThing and Goodreads digital libraries, as social phenomena and boundary objects, in information behaviours and activities taking place within, between, and across multiple existing and emergent communities, social worlds, and information worlds.
  • Worrall, A., Oh, S., & Yi, Y. J. (2012). Quality evaluation of health answers in social Q&A: Socio-emotional support and evaluation criteria. In A. Grove (Ed.), Proceedings of the 75th ASIS&T Annual Meeting: Information, interaction, innovation: Celebrating the past, constructing the present and creating the future, Baltimore, MD, October 26–30, 2012. Silver Spring, MD: American Society for Information Science and Technology. doi:10.1002/meet.14504901315 [View poster]
    • Focused on the socio-emotional reactions of and evaluation criteria discussed by three groups of evaluators—librarians, nurses, and site users—in evaluating the quality of online health answers shared in the social context of Yahoo! Answers. Findings illuminate key differences in social and emotional factors across the three groups and need for appropriate balance in educational efforts for evaluation of and the provision of health information.
  • Worrall, A., Marty, P. F., Roberts, J., Burnett, K., Burnett, G., Hinnant, C. C., Kazmer, M. M., Stvilia, B., & Wu, S. (2012). Observations of the lifecycles and information worlds of collaborative scientific teams at a national science lab. In J.-E. Mai (Chair), iConference 2012 proceedings (pp. 423–425), Toronto, Canada, February 7–10, 2012. New York, NY: ACM. doi:10.1145/2132176.2132234 [View poster]
    • Presented findings from NSF-funded observations of teams conducting experiments at the National High Magnetic Field Laboratory, demonstrating how multiple, overlapping, and nested lifecycles and information worlds play an important role in promoting successful and continuing scientific collaboration.
  • Hinnant, C. C., Stvilia, B., Wu, S., Worrall, A., Burnett, K., Burnett, G., Kazmer, M. M., & Marty, P. F. (2012). Data curation in scientific teams: An exploratory study of condensed matter physics at a national science lab. In J.-E. Mai (Chair), iConference 2012 proceedings (pp. 498–500), Toronto, Canada, February 7–10, 2012. New York, NY: ACM. doi:10.1145/2132176.2132263 [View poster]
    • Presented findings from NSF-funded semi-structured interviews with key condensed matter physicists associated with the National High Magnetic Field Laboratory. Findings indicate the field’s work practices and reward structures may impede the development and implementation of formalized curation policies focused on community data sharing.
  • Oh, S., Worrall, A., & Yi, Y. J. (2011). Quality evaluation of health answers in Yahoo! Answers: A comparison between experts and users. In A. Grove (Ed.), Proceedings of the 74th ASIS&T Annual Meeting: Communication and information in society, technology and work, New Orleans, LA, October 9–12, 2011. Silver Spring, MD: American Society for Information Science and Technology. doi:10.1002/meet.2011.14504801269 [View poster]
    • Presented findings from an in-progress study of the perceptions of the quality of online health answers, as judged by health reference librarians and Yahoo! Answers questioners. Forty evaluators from each group reviewed ten answers each on ten evaluation criteria; we found that librarians’ quantitative ratings were significantly lower on most criteria.
  • Worrall, A. (2010). Supporting community-building in digital libraries: A pilot study of LibraryThing. In A. Grove (Ed.), Proceedings of the 73rd ASIS&T Annual Meeting: Navigating streams in an information ecosystem, Pittsburgh, PA, October 22–27, 2010. Silver Spring, MD: American Society for Information Science and Technology. doi:10.1002/meet.14504701389 [View poster]
    • Reported ongoing research studying the support for community-building activities in digital libraries. A low level of support was identified via an online survey completed by a small pilot sample of LibraryThing users. Community-building activities did actually occur, but without the support of LibraryThing as a boundary object.
  • Stvilia, B., Hinnant, C. C., Schindler, K., Worrall, A., Burnett, G., Burnett, K., Kazmer, M. M., & Marty, P. F. (2010). Composition of scientific teams and publication productivity. In A. Grove (Ed.), Proceedings of the 73rd ASIS&T Annual Meeting: Navigating streams in an information ecosystem, Pittsburgh, PA, October 22–27, 2010. Silver Spring, MD: American Society for Information Science and Technology. doi:10.1002/meet.14504701389 [View poster]
    • Reported findings from an NSF-funded study examining scientific teams at the National High Magnetic Field Laboratory, determining how the diversity and network characteristics of science teams impacts overall team productivity as measured by peer reviewed journal publications.
  • Burnett, G., Burnett, K., Kazmer, M. M., Marty, P. F., Stvilia, B., Hinnant, C. C., & Worrall, A. (2010). Virtual scientific teams: Life-cycle formation and long-term scientific collaboration. In J. Unsworth (Chair), iConference 2010 proceedings (pp. 409–411), Champaign, IL, February 3–6, 2010. Champaign, IL: iSchools. [View poster]
    • Presented work in progress in an NSF-funded 2 year research project of the same name, studying virtual collaboration amongst scientific teams at the National High Field Magnetic Laboratory.

Journal and magazine articles (invited)

  • Worrall, A. (2017). Start small and keep building: Experiences in and advice for serving ASIS&T. Bulletin of the Association for Information Science and Technology, 43(3), 57–59. doi:10.1002/bul2.2017.1720430318
    • Invited article (due to my ASIS&T Cretsos Leadership Award) discussing my experience in serving ASIS&T and recommendations for those potentially interested in getting involved in some way.
  • Fleischmann, K. R., Worrall, A., Anderson, T. D., Goggins, S., & Burnett, G. (2016). SIG CON Research Symposium: [Insert title here: Make sure to satisfy titular colonicity]. Bulletin of the Association for Information Science and Technology, 42(3), 33–35.
    • Humour and satire reporting on the events of the SIG CON “symposium” at the ASIS&T 2016 Annual Meeting. My contribution to the event and article was “Asking for a Friend: An Analysis of ASIS&T Social Media Followers,” a satirical and lighthearted conclusion to my time as an ASIS&T Social Media Contributor.
  • Worrall, A. (2013). Social digital libraries: Their roles within and across social worlds, information, worlds, and communities. Bulletin of the IEEE Technical Committee on Digital Libraries, 9(2). Retrieved from http://www.ieee-tcdl.org/Bulletin/v9n2/papers/worrall.pdf
    • A revised version of my JCDL 2013 Doctoral Consortium refereed conference paper (see below), which presents my dissertation research-in-progress on the roles that digital libraries play in collaboration, communities, and other social contexts. Includes a review of existing literature along with my research questions and design, preliminary findings, and expected contributions.

Conference posters (non-refereed)

  • Worrall, A. (2012). Digital libraries as boundary objects across social and information worlds: A preliminary theoretical framework. Poster presented at the 2012 Association for Library and Information Science Education (ALISE) Annual Conference, Dallas, TX, January 17–20, 2012.
    • Presented a preliminary theoretical framework for conceiving of digital libraries as boundary objects, examining such integration through the twin lenses of Strauss’s social worlds perspective and Burnett and Jaeger’s theory of information worlds.
  • Hinnant, C. C., Stvilia, B., Burnett, G., Burnett, K., Kazmer, M. M., Marty, P. F., Schindler, K., & Worrall, A. (2011). Team diversity and the quality of scientific publications. Poster presented at the 2011 Association for Library and Information Science Education (ALISE) Annual Conference, San Diego, CA, January 4–7, 2011.
    • Presented preliminary findings from an NSF-funded study, employing citation analysis of articles published in Physical Review Letters by scientists who used the facilities of the National High Magnetic Field Laboratory. Analysis indicated an increase in team seniority may have a negative effect on publication impact.